cluster, clusterAllReplicas 

Allows to access all shards in an existing cluster which configured in remote_servers section without creating a Distributed table. One replica of each shard is queried.
clusterAllReplicas - same as cluster but all replicas are queried. Each replica in a cluster is used as separate shard/connection.


cluster('cluster_name', db.table[, sharding_key])
cluster('cluster_name', db, table[, sharding_key])
clusterAllReplicas('cluster_name', db.table[, sharding_key])
clusterAllReplicas('cluster_name', db, table[, sharding_key])

cluster_name – Name of a cluster that is used to build a set of addresses and connection parameters to remote and local servers.

sharding_key - When insert into cluster function with more than one shard, sharding_key need to be provided.

Using the cluster and clusterAllReplicas table functions are less efficient than creating a Distributed table because in this case, the server connection is re-established for every request. When processing a large number of queries, please always create the Distributed table ahead of time, and don’t use the cluster and clusterAllReplicas table functions.

The cluster and clusterAllReplicas table functions can be useful in the following cases:

  • Accessing a specific cluster for data comparison, debugging, and testing.
  • Queries to various ClickHouse clusters and replicas for research purposes.
  • Infrequent distributed requests that are made manually.

Connection settings like host, port, user, password, compression, secure are taken from <remote_servers> config section. See details in Distributed engine.

See Also

Rating: 4 - 1 votes

Was this content helpful?