Bit Functions 

Bit functions work for any pair of types from UInt8, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64, Int8, Int16, Int32, Int64, Float32, or Float64.

The result type is an integer with bits equal to the maximum bits of its arguments. If at least one of the arguments is signed, the result is a signed number. If an argument is a floating-point number, it is cast to Int64.

bitAnd(a, b) 

bitOr(a, b) 

bitXor(a, b) 

bitNot(a) 

bitShiftLeft(a, b) 

bitShiftRight(a, b) 

bitRotateLeft(a, b) 

bitRotateRight(a, b) 

bitTest 

Takes any integer and converts it into binary form, returns the value of a bit at specified position. The countdown starts from 0 from the right to the left.

Syntax

SELECT bitTest(number, index)

Parameters

  • number – integer number.
  • index – position of bit.

Returned values

Returns a value of bit at specified position.

Type: UInt8.

Example

For example, the number 43 in base-2 (binary) numeral system is 101011.

Query:

SELECT bitTest(43, 1)

Result:

┌─bitTest(43, 1)─┐
│              1 │
└────────────────┘

Another example:

Query:

SELECT bitTest(43, 2)

Result:

┌─bitTest(43, 2)─┐
│              0 │
└────────────────┘

bitTestAll 

Returns result of logical conjuction (AND operator) of all bits at given positions. The countdown starts from 0 from the right to the left.

The conjuction for bitwise operations:

0 AND 0 = 0

0 AND 1 = 0

1 AND 0 = 0

1 AND 1 = 1

Syntax

SELECT bitTestAll(number, index1, index2, index3, index4, ...)

Parameters

  • number – integer number.
  • index1, index2, index3, index4 – positions of bit. For example, for set of positions (index1, index2, index3, index4) is true if and only if all of its positions are true (index1index2, ⋀ index3index4).

Returned values

Returns result of logical conjuction.

Type: UInt8.

Example

For example, the number 43 in base-2 (binary) numeral system is 101011.

Query:

SELECT bitTestAll(43, 0, 1, 3, 5)

Result:

┌─bitTestAll(43, 0, 1, 3, 5)─┐
│                          1 │
└────────────────────────────┘

Another example:

Query:

SELECT bitTestAll(43, 0, 1, 3, 5, 2)

Result:

┌─bitTestAll(43, 0, 1, 3, 5, 2)─┐
│                             0 │
└───────────────────────────────┘

bitTestAny 

Returns result of logical disjunction (OR operator) of all bits at given positions. The countdown starts from 0 from the right to the left.

The disjunction for bitwise operations:

0 OR 0 = 0

0 OR 1 = 1

1 OR 0 = 1

1 OR 1 = 1

Syntax

SELECT bitTestAny(number, index1, index2, index3, index4, ...)

Parameters

  • number – integer number.
  • index1, index2, index3, index4 – positions of bit.

Returned values

Returns result of logical disjuction.

Type: UInt8.

Example

For example, the number 43 in base-2 (binary) numeral system is 101011.

Query:

SELECT bitTestAny(43, 0, 2)

Result:

┌─bitTestAny(43, 0, 2)─┐
│                    1 │
└──────────────────────┘

Another example:

Query:

SELECT bitTestAny(43, 4, 2)

Result:

┌─bitTestAny(43, 4, 2)─┐
│                    0 │
└──────────────────────┘

bitCount 

Calculates the number of bits set to one in the binary representation of a number.

Syntax

bitCount(x)

Parameters

  • xInteger or floating-point number. The function uses the value representation in memory. It allows supporting floating-point numbers.

Returned value

  • Number of bits set to one in the input number.

The function doesn’t convert input value to a larger type (sign extension). So, for example, bitCount(toUInt8(-1)) = 8.

Type: UInt8.

Example

Take for example the number 333. Its binary representation: 0000000101001101.

Query:

SELECT bitCount(333)

Result:

┌─bitCount(333)─┐
│             5 │
└───────────────┘

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